General Terms

Budo - Way of combat
Bunkai - Application (interpretation) of kata 
Dan - Level
Do - Way
Dojo - School, training room or  hall
Domo Arigato - Thank you
Embusen - Floor pattern/performance line of 
a kata
Gi - Uniform
Gohon Kumite - Five-step sparring
Hai - Yes
Hiki Te - Withdrawing hand, pulling in block
Ippon Kumite - One-step sparring
Jiyyu Ippon Kumite - Semi-free one-step sparring
Jiyyu Kumite - Free Sparring
Karate - Empty Hand
Karate Do - The Way of Karate (Empty Hand)
Karateka - Practitioner of Karate
Kiai - Spirit shout/focus of 
spiritual energy
Kihon - Fundamentals
Kime - Focusing concentration and power
Kohai - Junior student
Kyu - Rank
Maai - Distance
Mawate -Turn around, or about face
Mokuso - Meditate
Naote - Relax
Obi - Belt
Usu - I understand and will try my best. Also used to show respect and enthusiasm.
Sambon Kumite - Three-step sparring
Sempai - Senior student
Sensei - Instructor
Shiha - Master
Shotokan - 'House of Shoto'; pen name of Gichin Funakoshi

"A Man of Tao and a Little Man"             
Whenever the name of  Gichin Funakoshi is mentioned, it brings to mind the parable of "A Man of Tao (Do) and a Little Man". As it is told, a student once asked, "What is the difference between a man of Tao and a little man?" The sensei replies, "It is 
simple. When the little man receives his first dan (degree or rank), he can hardly wait to run home and shout at the top of his voice to tell everyone that 
he has obtained his first dan. Upon receiving his second dan, he will climb to the rooftops and shout to the people. Upon receiving his third dan, he will jump in his automobile and parade through town blowing the horn, telling one and all about his third dan".

The sensei continues, "When the man of Tao receives his first dan, he will bow his head in gratitude. Upon receiving his second dan, he will bow his head and his shoulders. Upon receiving his third dan, he will bow at the waist and quietly walk alongside the wall so that people will not see him or notice  him".



Age-Te - Hands up (cover position)
Hajime - Begin
Mawate - Turn around
Naore - Return to Shizen-tai
Narande - Line up
Otaigai Ni - Face 
towards each other
Rei - Bow
Seiretsu - Line up by rank
Seiza - Kneel
Sensei Ni - Face towards the teacher
Shomen Ni - Face towards the front
Yame - Stop
Yasume - Relax (or ready position)
Yoi - Get ready

Two rules o f karate:

Rule number one: Karate is for self defence only.
Rule number two: Always remember rule number one

The Nine Levels of Power

1. Rin - "Strength" of mind and body; in Chinese,Chu
2. Kyo - "Direction of energy"; in Chinese, Shen
3. Toh -"Harmony" with the universe; in Chinese, Tai
4. Sha - "Healing" of self and others; in Chinese,Sha
5. Kai - "Premonition" of danger; in Chinese, Sha
6. Jin - "Knowing the thought of others" in Chinese, Jen
7. Retsu - "Mastery of time and space" in Chinese, 
8. Zai - "Control" of the elements of nature; in Chinese Hua
9. Zen - "Enlightenment"; in Chinese, Tao
The Five Elements

1.Earth - Spleen, Stomach
2.Water - Kidney, Bladder
3.Air - Lung, Large intestine
4.Wood - Liver, Gallbladder
5.Fire - Heart, Small intestine

 Numbers 1-20

  1 - Ichi
  2 - Ni
  3 - San
  4 - Shi
  5 - Go
  6 - Roku
  7 - Shichi
  8 - Hachi
  9 - Ku
10 - Jyu

Kata (English Interpretation)

Heian Shodan - Peaceful Mind First 
Heian Nidan - Peaceful Mind Second 
Heian Sandan - Peaceful Mind Third 
Heian Yodan - Peaceful Mind Fourth
Heian Godan - Peaceful Mind Fifth  
Bassai Dai - To Penetrate or Storm A Fortress Major
Bassai Sho - To Storm The Castle and Capture The Enemy Minor 
Hangetsu - Half Moon or Crescent Moon 
Tekki Shodan - Iron Horse First Level or Horse Riding First 
Tekki Nidan - Iron Horse 
First Level or Horse Riding Second
Tekki Sandan - Iron Horse 
First Level or Horse Riding Third 
Kanku Dai - Viewing The Sky 
Major or To Look At The Sky Major 
Kanku Sho - Viewing The Sky Minor or 
To Look At The Sky Minor 
Jion - Originated And Named After "Jionji" 
(literally "Jion Temple") in China 
Jitte - Ten Hands Video
Jiin - Temple Grounds 
Empi - The Flight Of A Swallow or Flying Swallow 
Gankaku - Crane Standing On A Rock
Wankan - King's Crown or Crown of Kings
Meikyo - Brightly Polished Mirror
Sochin - Strength And Calmness. Also, Immovable In The Face Of Danger
Niju Shiho - The Name Is Derived from The 24 Foot Moves In The Kata
Chinte - Extra-ordinary (Strange/Unusual) Hands, Chinese HandsUnsu - Cloud Hands or Hands In The Sky 
Gojushiho Dai - 54 Steps Major
Gojushiho Sho - 54 Steps Minor
Sanchin - Three Hands (Goju Ryu  Kata) 

Budo Vocabulary/Belt Test

AAU Membership 2017-18

The ancient name for dragonfly was 'kachimushi'. 'Kachi' means 'victory' and 'mushi' means 'insect'. Therefore samurai used to like to use the motif of the dragonfly as a symbol of victory.